FIFA has banned the former president of the Spanish Football Federation, Luis Rubiales, from engaging in any football-related activities for three years.

Rubiales kissed striker Jenni Hermoso on the lips after Spain's victory in the Women's World Cup final against England. The kiss, which according to Hermoso was not consensual, sparked protests, and Rubiales eventually stepped down from his role in September.

Later, Hermoso filed a lawsuit against Rubiales.

On Monday, FIFA's global governing body announced a three-year suspension for a violation of Article 13 of its disciplinary code.

It confirmed that the case pertains to "events that occurred during the Women's World Cup final on August 20, 2023, for which Mr. Rubiales was provisionally banned for an initial period of 90 days."

"FIFA reaffirms its absolute commitment to respecting and safeguarding the integrity of all individuals and ensuring compliance with the fundamental principles of fair play," the statement said.

It added that the decision remains "subject to possible appeal."

Article 13 of FIFA's disciplinary code pertains to offensive behavior and violations of fair play principles.

The 46-year-old Rubiales claimed that the post-match kiss was "mutual," but Hermoso consistently stated otherwise.

The incident overshadowed Spain's historic victory in Sydney, Australia.

Last month, a Madrid national court held hearings regarding a criminal case of sexual assault and coercion against Rubiales, who was subsequently prohibited from approaching Hermoso within 200 meters. He denied the allegations.

Rubiales' actions garnered widespread criticism, with most of the Women's World Cup-winning team boycotting the national team until changes were made to the football federation.

World Cup-winning coach Jorge Vilda was dismissed in September and is under investigation as part of the criminal case against Rubiales.

Hermoso, who claimed her image was tarnished by the kiss, returned to the national team in October and scored the winning goal in the match against Italy on the 89th minute.